James Butler Hickok (May 27, 1837 – August 2, 1876), better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a
as a lawman, provided the basis for his fame, although some of his exploits are fictionalized.
His nickname of Wild Bill has inspired similar nicknames for men known for their daring in
various fields.
Hickok came to the West as a stagecoach driver, then became a lawman in the frontier
territories of Kansas and Nebraska. He fought in the Union Army during the American Civil
War, and gained publicity after the war as a scout, marksman, and professional gambler.
Between his law-enforcement duties and gambling, which easily overlapped, Hickok was
involved in several notable shootouts, and was ultimately killed while playing poker in a
Dakota Territory saloon.